Vergelegen wine estate, which is widely acknowledged for its environmental and sustainability initiatives, is home to seven ‘Rau’ quagga – one stallion, five mares, and a foal – with more youngsters on the way.
The relocation of these rare animals to Vergelegen forms part of an ambitious project, initiated in 1987, to bring the quagga back from extinction and to introduce them to reserves similar to their former habitat. Quagga once roamed South Africa in large herds, particularly in the Karoo and southern Free State, until they were hunted out in the second half of the 19th century.
To mitigate this, a dedicated group of conservationists in the Quagga Project have been selectively breeding from a founder population of southern Plains Zebras in order to retrieve the genes responsible for the animals’ characteristic hide pattern. They describe their breeding animals as Rau quagga, in memory of Reinhold Rau who founded the project.
The seven animals from the Quagga Project were transported from Pampoenvlei in the Atlantis/ Darling area on Tuesday 10 May 2022. They are now settled in a 180 hectare reserve area which includes natural grazing – a mix of renosterbos, Boland granite fynbos and various grasses – and plentiful water from the Langkloof Dam.
The quagga share this area with five eland that were introduced to the estate in 2020. The eland form part of the Gantouw Project, which researches how grazing animals can naturally boost ecosystem diversity.
Vergelegen management first discussed introducing more species to the estate, in addition to the eland, in early 2021. They were put in contact with March Turnbull, director of the Quagga Project, and there was immediate interest from both parties.
The relocation required considerable planning. Permits were obtained from both CapeNature and the State Veterinary Services, and organisers had to coordinate the availability of the many experts involved, on one day. The weather also played a vital part in proceedings. Quagga become stressed easily, so relocation had to take place on a day when temperatures were cool and windless, in order to facilitate darting from a helicopter.
It can also be difficult to book the vet, helicopter pilot and all the other capture professionals on the same day when weather conditions are suitable. Luckily, 10 May was such a day, and the capture and relocation were successful with no damage to or loss of any animals.
Quagga differ from other zebras by usually having stripes on the head, neck and front portion of their body only. Their upper sections are brownish rather than white, and the belly and legs are unstriped and whitish.
DNA analysis has revealed that the quagga is not a separate zebra species of its own, but is in fact one of several subspecies or local forms of the southern Plains Zebra (Equus quagga). This fact makes a big difference as selective breeding from a founder population of Plains Zebra has led to a population visually closer to the original quagga population than any other surviving Plains Zebra.
Four Vergelegen mares are pregnant, and due to foal from October.
In addition to the historical value of relocating quagga back to this region, the estate offers the space and ecological skills for good biodiversity management and monitoring, with a high likelihood of increasing biodiversity.
The arrival of the quagga offers training opportunities for conservation students in relation to large mammal husbandry, veld management and veld restoration. There is also potential for accredited learnerships or internships as it will be aligned with Vergelegen’s Centre of Learning Excellence. Outdoor classroom studies could inspire youngsters to pursue careers in the green economy.
The quagga could in due course be viewed by visitors as part of the estate’s popular ecological game drives. This guided excursion currently takes guests through the Vergelegen arboretum and biodiversity nature reserve, with possible sightings of the estate’s free-range Nguni cattle, bontebok and eland.
Vergelegen’s ecological initiatives: https://vergelegen.co.za/nature/
The Quagga Project: https://www.quaggaproject.org/
Vergelegen Environmental Tour
The environmental tour is weather permitting, costs R350 pp and departs from the tasting room at Vergelegen at 10h00. Duration is approximately 1.5 hours.
Contact 021 847 2122 for bookings.